Contact with Child Protective Services is pervasive but unequally distributed by race and ethnicity in large US counties (Brief Report)

Edwards, Wakefield, Healey and Wildeman

From the introduction to the article:

This article provides county-level estimates of the cumulative prevalence of four levels of Child Protective Services (CPS) contact using administrative data from the 20 most populous counties in the United States. Rates of CPS investigation are extremely high in almost every county. Racial and ethnic inequality in case outcomes is large in some counties.