61. When and How Is a Hearing Decision Made?
You should receive a hearing decision within 2 to 4 weeks. Federal law requires timely decisions, 42 USC § 503(a)(1), and under state law reasonable efforts must be made to render a decision within 45 days of the request for hearing. G.L. c. 151A, § 39(b).
The decision must meet the requirements of the Massachusetts Administrative Procedure Act, including that it must be based on "substantial evidence" and free from "error of law." G.L. c. 30A, § 14(7).
"Substantial evidence" is evidence that "a reasonable mind might accept as adequate to support a conclusion, taking into account whatever in the record detracted from its weight." G.L. c. 30A, § 1(6). An "error of law," in the context of UI cases, is usually a misapplication of the statutory grounds for disqualification. See Guarino v. Director of the Div. of Employment Security, 393 Mass. 89, 92-94, 469 N.E.2d 802, 804-05 (1984). The decision must also contain adequate subsidiary findings of fact as to each critical issue. McDonald v. Director of the Div. of Employment Security, 396 Mass. 468, 487 N.E.2d 186 (1986).